This is an initial attempt to enable easy calculation/visualization of study designs from R/gap which benchmarked relevant publications and eventually the app can produce more generic results.

One can run the app with R/gap installation as follows,

setwd(file.path(find.package("gap"),"shinygap"))
library(shiny)
runApp()

Alternatively, one can run the app from source using gap/inst/shinygap.

To set the default parameters, some compromises need to be made, e.g., Kp=[1e-5, 0.4], MAF=[1e-3, 0.8], alpha=[1e-8, 0.05], beta=[0.01, 0.4]. The slider inputs provide upper bounds of parameters.

# 1 Family-based study

This is a call to fbsize().

# 2 Population-based study

This is a call to pbsize().

# 3 Case-cohort study

This is a call to ccsize() whose power argument indcates power (TRUE) or sample size (FALSE) calculation.

# 4 Two-stage case-control design

This is a call to tscc().

# Appendix: Theory

## A. Family-based and population-based designs

See the R/gap package vignette jss or1.

## B. Case-cohort design

### B.1 Power

Following2, we have $\Phi\left(Z_\alpha+\tilde{n}^\frac{1}{2}\theta\sqrt{\frac{p_1p_2p_D}{q+(1-q)p_D}}\right)$

where $$\alpha$$ is the significance level, $$\theta$$ is the log-hazard ratio for two groups, $$p_j, j = 1, 2$$, are the proportion of the two groups in the population ($$p_1 + p_2 = 1$$), $$\tilde{n}$$ is the total number of subjects in the subcohort, $$p_D$$ is the proportion of the failures in the full cohort, and $$q$$ is the sampling fraction of the subcohort.

### B.2 Sample size

$\tilde{n}=\frac{nBp_D}{n-B(1-p_D)}$ where $$B=\frac{Z_{1-\alpha}+Z_\beta}{\theta^2p_1p_2p_D}$$ and $$n$$ is the whole cohort size.

## C. Two-stage case-control design

In the notation of3,

$P(|z_1|>C_1)P(|z_2|>C_2,sign(z_1)=sign(z_2))$ and $P(|z_1|>C_1)P(|z_j|>C_j\,|\,|z_1|>C_1)$ for replication-based and joint analyses, respectively; where $$C_1$$, $$C_2$$, and $$C_j$$ are threshoulds at stages 1, 2 replication and joint analysis, $$z_1 = z(p_1,p_2,n_1,n_2,\pi_{samples})$$, $$\,$$ $$z_2 = z(p_1,p_2,n_1,n_2,1-\pi_{samples})$$, $$\,$$ $$z_j = z_1 \sqrt{\pi_{samples}}+z_2\sqrt{1-\pi_{samples}}$$.